FORUM FOR ANTHROPOLOGY AND CULTUREANTROPOLOGICHESKIJ FORUM
RUS | ENG
Antropologicheskij forum, 2015, no. 27
Ural Federal University
Department of Slavic Studies of Sorbonne University (Paris IV)
Abstract: The article considers cultural and linguistic images of the Frenchman and “Frenchness” in the Russian language, and Russian and “Russianness” in the French language in contrastive aspect. The core of linguistic images is analysed — language system facts, the internal form of which contains a direct reference to “Russianness” or “Frenchness”. They are: words derived from the ethnonyms francuz ‘Frenchman’, gall ‘Gaul’ and place name Parizh ‘Paris’ in Russian; words derived from Russe, Russien ‘Russian’, Cosaque ‘Cossack’ → ‘Russian military’ → ‘Russian’, Moscou ‘Moscow’, obsolete Moscovite ‘resident of Muscovy, Russian’ in French. Furthermore, the authors take into consideration collocations of the words mentioned. Thematic spheres of secondary semantics are covered: Nature; History; Material culture; Leisure, spiritual culture; Social and physical person. The authors reveal the motivation of linguistic facts and analyse the evaluative component of their semantics.
Keywords: ethnolinguistics, motivation studies, ethnonymic and place-names derivation, Russian-French language contacts, linguistic stereotype, derivational family.
To cite: Berezovich E., Kabakoba G., 'Rossiya i Frantsiya: dialog yazykovykh stereotipov' [Russia and France: Dialogue of Linguistic Stereotypes], Antropologicheskij forum, 2015, no. 27, pp. 9–69.
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