FORUM FOR ANTHROPOLOGY AND CULTURE

ANTROPOLOGICHESKIJ FORUM
RUS | ENG

Antropologicheskij forum, 2019, no. 42

 

AUDIENCE AS PARTICIPANT

Dmitry Kolyadov
European University at St Petersburg
6/1А Gagarinskaya Str., St Petersburg, Russia
Institute for Linguistic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
9 Tuchkov Lane, St Petersburg, Russia
dkoliadov()eu.spb.ru

Abstract: The paper investigates the ways an audience can participate in a specific public speech event: a talk-show on TV. The paper argues that the audience’s participation in such an event is not limited to the passive viewing of the actions of other participants. Audience reactions—applause and laughter—can be considered as actions in interaction on par with those of the host and invited guests, i.e. as contributions to the ongoing interaction. On the one hand, the host and guests frequently address the audience to prompt а reaction; these prompts may vary from the most explicit (e.g. direct address) to the most subtle and fluid (e.g. gaze shifts and speech hesitations—restarts, self-repairs, etc.). On the other hand, when the audience takes a conversational turn without perceptible signs of invitation from other participants, the latter usually take the audience’s actions into consideration. Moreover, the present analysis demonstrates that the audience can produce more than just a momentary interruption of the current speaker, and may instead influence the outcome of the debate between the other participants.

Keywords: audience, participation, multimodality of communication, interaction, conversation analysis.

To cite: Kolyadov D., ‘Auditoriya kak uchastnik vzaimodeystviya’ [Audience as Participant], Antropologicheskij forum, 2019, no. 42, pp. 135–173.

doi: 10.31250/1815-8870-2019-15-42-135-173

URL: http://anthropologie.kunstkamera.ru/files/pdf/042/kolyadov_1.pdf