FORUM FOR ANTHROPOLOGY AND CULTUREANTROPOLOGICHESKIJ FORUM
RUS | ENG
Antropologicheskij forum, 2021, no. 49
Dina N. Karavaeva
Institute of History and Archeology, the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Abstract: The article presents the results of a study of British Muslims and multiculturalism in the context of national identity in modern Britain. The authors investigate the mechanisms, strategies and roles of religious, social and gender identities of modern “British Muslim women”, British citizens and residents of cities such as London, Manchester, Oldham, and Bradford. The article focuses on the so-called “third generation” of Muslim women of Bangladeshi and Pakistani origin, born and educated in Britain, the so-called Britons “in-between”, and their Britishness. The authors show that British Islam today represents not so much a danger of radicalization, cultural segregation, anti-secular tendencies contrary to British culture—or is breaking with cultural and family connections between different generations within the “immigrant” community. Rather, it is a resource for uniting disparate ethnic communities, contributing to the success of the young generation’s social competition with representatives of “indigenous peoples”, personalization and the reduction of religious radicalization. The study is based on a variety of textual, visual and material sources, as well as original research data (70 in-depth interviews, 52 respondents) from the field seasons of 2012–2020 in the UK’s Pakistan-Bangladeshi regions of Rusholm and Longsite in Manchester, Glodwick in Oldham, Pakistani Manningham in Bradford in Northern England, and the Bangladeshi Tower Helmets in London.
Keywords: Great Britain, multiculturalism, immigration, British Muslims, Muslim women, hijab, sisterhood, Islamic feminism, entertainment culture, national identity, Britishness.
To cite: Karavaeva D., ‘Britanskost i diasporalnye identichnosti (na materialakh musulmanskoy zhenskoy molodezhnoy kultury vykhodtsev iz Pakistana i Bangladesh)’ [Britishness and Diasporal Identities (On Materials of the Youth Culture of Muslim Women from Pakistan and Bangladesh)], Antropologicheskij forum, 2021, no. 49, pp. 154–184.
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